All India Federation of Voluntary Organisations
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The wall known M. S. Swaminathan Foundation states that “ sustainable food security involes strengthening the Livelihood security of all members within a household by ensuring both physical and economic access to balanced diet including the needed micronutrients, safe drinking water, environmental sanitation, basic health care and primary education”

Demographic and economic growth threatening the limits of economic, social and ecological sustainability has raised questions about food security at the global level. Keeping various aspects of this multi-dimensional definition in mind, our Report defines food security as a condition in which all people at all times can acquire safe, nutritionally adequate and personally acceptable foods that are accessible in a manner that maintains human dignity. It requires attention to the production and supply of adequate quality and quantity of food, and people’s ability to acquire those foods.

The five principles of food security are Availability, Accessibility, Acceptability, Adequacy and Agency.
  1. Availability
  2. Availability refers to the need for adequate, assured and reliable food supplies now and. in the future Sufficient supplies of food all people at all times has historically been a major challenge. In addition, most of the scientific and technical progress has been focusing on quantity of food produced and economies of scale without paying enough attention to the sustainability of the practices.

  3. Accessibility
  4. Distribution and access to food are important aspects of food security. Within and between societies, inequities have resulted in serious entitlement problems reflecting class, gender, ethnic, racial and age differentials, as well as national and regional gaps in development within and between societies.

  5. Acceptability
  6. Food security requires culturally acceptable food and distribution systems which are respectful of human dignity and social and cultural norms. As an essential ingredient of human health and well-being food reflects the social and cultural diversity of humanity.

  7. Adequacy
  8. Food security requires that at all levels- production, distribution, consumption and waste management- measures need to be taken to guarantee a democratic and sustainable food system. A sustainable food system aims for the satisfaction of basic human needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It involves maintaining ecological integrity, and incorporating conservation and development.

  9. Agency
  10. Agency identifies the policies and processes that enable (or disable) the achievement of food security. Given the international nature of the food system and related politics and policies, it is clear that will be many different approaches to achieving food security. It emphasizes the need to be conscious of “polices and processes and to research and document the experience with different approaches.
    Food security, thus, is a complex and difficult challenge comprising economic, social, cultural and ecological targets. It is closely related to livelihood security and human security in its broadest definition . Sustainable food production and availability (food provision), sustainable consumption (eco-nutrition)and poverty alleviation are closely inter-related and need to be addressed from a broad perspective, including biodiversity, gender issues (especially with an intensive participation or women in food provision and consumption), general educational and capacity building aspects, as well as behavioral and cultural aspects.
    Further, it is recognized that sustainability is not the end result, but a process of change concomitant with the current and future concerns. The challenge to respond to the needs of those living in poverty, the desire to help them’ achieve what is lacking by building on what they have, and commitment to make it happen, are the core elements of a value system that must be at the centre of promoting sustainable livelihoods. Its primary purpose should be directed towards eradication of poverty.
    The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, in Agenda 21, noted the integrative power of the concept, which offers a way of linking socioeconomic and ecological policy considerations in a cohesive policy-relevant structure. The Social Summit linked sustainable livelihoods explicitly to full employment, and the Beijing Platform re-emphasized the importance of women’s livelihoods to successful development. Conceptually, livelihoods connote the means, activities, entitlements and assets by which people make a living. Assets are not only natural/biological (Le. land, water, common property resources, flora, fauna) but also social and political (Le. community, family, social networks, participation, empowerment human knowledge and creation of skills) and physical (material infrastructure).
    It is firm conviction of the author that a systematically structures growth-oriented approach to sustainable agricultural development should from the basis of ‘ sustainable livelihood opportunities;
    There are five key elements as directly related to sustainable livelihoods, the first three focusing on livelihoods linking concerns over work, employment, poverty reduction, well-being and capabilities, and the last two adding the sustainability dimension.

  1. Creation of a gainful employment for a certain portion of the year either on on-farm or off-farm, so that they get an economic income to meet their daily requirements of food and other expenses.
  2. Poverty reduction based on income or consumption levels, which addresses issues of poverty and inequality.
  3. Well-being and capabilities which encompasses far more than the material concerns of food intake or income. This will include such diverse factors as self-esteem, security, happiness, stress, empowerment, etc.
  4. Livelihood adaptation, vulnerability and resilience which includes the ability to be able to cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, coping with temporary adjustments in the fact of change or adapt to longer term shifts in strategies.
  5. Natural resource base sustainability.
  • Government of India’s approaches to the problem
  • Rural employment and Sustainable Livelihoods
  • Employment Generation
  • Degraded and Wastelands
  • Huge Animal Wealth
  • Sea Shore and Aqua-culture
  • Flora and Founa
  • Horticulture and Floriculture
  • Commercial Crops and Spices
  • Role of Handicrafts and Handlooms under Small Scale Industries
  • IT & BT Sector
  • Population Growth and Demographic Changes
  • Rural Urban Migration
  • Sustainable Growth Needed for Sustainable Livelihoods
  • Indicator for Sustainable Livelihoods
  • Livelihood Securities and WTO Commitments
  • Providing Multiple Livelihood Opportunities
  • Protecting Community Biodiversity
  • Establishment of Agro-based Industries
  • Strengthening the Capital Formation in the Agricultural Sector
  • Agriculture to be given Industry’s Status
  • Market Interface and promotion of Value Added Agro-food Production
  • Value Addition to Agricultural Products
  • Factors/Activities for Sustainable Livelihood Systems
  • Education and Literacy
  • Health and Nutrition
  • Environmental Hygiene and Sanitation
  • Gender Perspectives in Work Force
  • Empowerment of Women
  • Skill Up gradation through Local-specific Training
  • Community Resource Management
  • Traditional/Indigenous Technical Knowledge
  • Social Organization and Formation Self-Help Groups




Cultural Programme at Andrewganj, New Delhi on 15th Aug' 2014.

Programme Organized by All India Feedration of Voluntary organizations to make aware to NGO about the 1860 Act and its Rule and Regulation to Run the NGO.


Programme Organized by All India Feedration of Voluntary organizations to make aware to NGO about the 1860 Act and its Rule and Regulation to Run the NGO.




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